Courses
From AAMU Physics
Undergraduate
Number (PHY)  Title  Hours  Prerequisites
Corequisite 
Offered  Description 

101  Physical Science I  3  MTH 101, PHY 101L  Fall, Spring, and Summer  This course covers force, motion, gravitation, energy, energy in action, electricity and magnetism, waves, the nucleus, and the atom. 
101L  Physical Science I Lab  1  PHY 101  Fall, Spring and Summer  This is the laboratory course to accompany PHY 101, Survey of Physical Sciences I. This handson experience illustrates basic principles of measurements, kinematics & dynamics of motion, fluids, heat & thermodynamics, electricity and magnetism, optics, and matter.
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102  Physical Science II  3  PHY 102L  Fall, Spring, and Summer  This course encompasses selected topics in the field of chemistry, geology, meteorology, and astronomy. Topics to be covered include: the periodic law, crystals, ions, solutions, chemical reactions, the atmosphere and hydrosphere, earth materials, the changing crust, earth and the sky, the solar system, the stars, and the structure and evolution of the universe. 
102L  Physical Science II Lab  1  PHY 102  Fall, Spring, and Summer  This is the laboratory course to accompany PHY 102 Survey of Physical Sciences. This handson experience illustrates basic principles of Chemistry, Geology, Astronomy, and Weather.
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103  General Physics I  4  MTH 112 and MTH 113  Fall, and Summer  This is an Algebra based Physics course designed for majors in agriculture, family and consumer sciences, food science, and environmental science. Its emphasis is on particle motion with uniform acceleration, Newtons's Laws of motion, force, work, power and energy, mechanical energy, collision, laws of conservation of energy, circular motion, angular velocity, angular momentum, centripetal force, Hook's law, simple harmonic motion, fluid statics, pressure, law of flotation, heat, concept of temperature and heat transfer, specific heat, and gas laws. There will be at least ten experiments to be performed in the laboratory. 
104  General Physics II  4  PHY 103  Spring  This is the second part of an algebra based physics course and covers static electricity, Coulomb's law, potential, electrical field, Gauss's law, current electricity, Ohm's law, simple circuits, Kirchoff's law, heating effect, Joule's law, magnetic effect, Ampere's law, induction, magnetic properties of materials, electrolysis, geometrical optics, reflection at plane and spherical boundaries, thin lenses, lens maker's equation, opticla instruments, speed of light, and light as a wave. There will be at least ten experiments to be performed in the laboratory 
105  Physics I  4  MTH 125  Fall, Spring, and Summer  This is the first part of a calculusbased physics course designed for sciences, engineering and technical majors. The goal is to acquaint students with the language, notation, and nature of physics. The approach to the mathematical solution of physics problems is strongly emphasized throughout the course. Topics to be covered will include mechanics, fluid heat, and thermodynamics. At least ten experiments will be performed by the student.
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106  Physics II  4  PHY 105 and MTH 126  Fall, Spring, and Summer  This is the second part of a calculus  based physics course designed for sciences, engineering and technical majors. The goal is the same as for Physics 1. Topics to be covered will include electricity, magnetism, and light. At least ten experiments will be performed by the student.
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201  Introduction to Modern Physics  3  PHY 105, and PHY 106  Fall  This is a study of space and time; conservation laws; classical relativity; Galilean and Lorentz Transformation; MichelsonMorley Experiment; relativistic mechanics; blackbody radiation; photoelectric effect; xrays; Bragg's Law and Compton effect ; atomic structure; atomic spectra; Bohr model; hydrogen atom and singly ionized helium atom; Stark effect; and Zeeman effect. 
252L  Modern Physics Lab  3  PHY 201  Spring  This is an experimental course consisting of at least ten experiments selected from advanced topics in physics. The purpose of this course is to provide general insight into advanced experimental techniques involving refined electronic equipment and other sensitive apparatus. The experiments chosen each time the course is offered will be announced in advance. 
303
(MTH 303) 
Methods of Mathematical Physics  3  MTH 125, MTH 126, PHY 105, and PHY 106  Spring  This course consists of three hours of lecture; topics covered will include vector calculus, partial differential equations, boundary value problems, Fourier Series, Laplace transforms, and Green's function methods. The course is so oriented as to fulfill fourhour minor requirements in math or physics. 
310  Scientific Computing and Visualization  3  CMP 102, and PHY 106  This course is intended to familiarize students with the computational tools used by professional scientists. We will use highlevel tools such as MatLab, Octave and Mathematica. Topics covered will include Linear Algebra, Interpolation and Extrapolation, Integration, Differential Equations, Matrix Algebra, Monte Carlo Methods, Computer Algebra, and Chaos.  
321  Mechanics I  3  PHY 105, and PHY 106  Fall  The first part of the course will cover Galilean invariance, absolute and relative velocity, simple problems in nonrealistic dynamics, energy conservation, momentum conservation, rigid body dynamics, rotational and transitional motion, Coriolis force, harmonic oscillator, force oscillations, combinations of harmonic oscillators, central force problems, and gravitation. 
322  Mechanics II  3  PHY 321  Spring  This course is a continuation of PHY 321. It will generally start with general motion of a rigid body and will include matrices for solving rigid body dynamics, inertia tensor, theory of vibrations, Lagrange's equations, generalized coordinates an dignorable coordinates, applications of Lagrange's equations to simple systems, Hamilton's functions, Hamilton's variational principle, Hamiltonian and Hamilton's equations, Special Theory of relativity, Einstein's postulates, Lorentz transformation, length contraction and time dilation, and elementary relativistic kinematics. 
331  Electricity and Magnetism I  3  PHY 105, 106  Spring  This is an intermediate level course and will cover electric force (Coulomb's Law), electric field (Gauss' Law), electrical potential (Poisson's and Laplace's equation and method of images), electric field in dielectrics, capacitors, electrostatic energy, and electric current (Ohm's Law and Kirchoff's Laws). 
332  Electricity and Magnetism II  3  PHY 331  Fall  This is the study of magnetic field (Biot's and Savart's Law, Ampere's law), Faraday's Law of Induction, Inductance, and magnetic Energy, A. C. circuit. Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic waves, and electrodynamics. 
333  Intro to Sensors and Applications  3  PHY 105  This course focuses on fundamentals, and basic physics behind sensors and technologies that enable the detection of the presence of human, chemical, explosive, nuclear agents and other applications. The objective is to empower the students with the basic knowledge of sensor science behind their application and use in instruments and devices including to address threats. This course will be more extensive rather than intensive.  
341  Heat and Thermodynamics  3  PHY 105, and PHY 106  Fall  This is an intermediate course which deals with reversible heat processes accompanying physical and chemical reactions involving gases, liquids, and solids. Topics include calorimetry, thermometry, heat transfer and expansion, specific heat, laws of thermodynamics and applications, and introduction to kinetic theory.

361
(BIO 361) 
Introduction to Astrophysics  3  MTH 125 and (PHY 105 or CHE 101 or BIO 103)  Astrophysics is the scientific study of the origin, evolution, proliferation and search for life in the universe, an interdisciplinary topic at the intersection of astronomy, physics, biology, chemistry, atmospheric science, and other sciences. This course introduces the major fields of current research in astrobiology: the requirements for life as we know it, the origin and evolution of life on Earth, the possibilities of life elsewhere in the universe, and the search for extraterrestrial – microbial or intelligent – life.  
401  Optics  3  PHY 105, and PHY 106,  Fall  This is a brief review of geometrical optics; physical optics; introduction to optics and spectroscopy. 
421  Introduction to Quantum Mechanics  3  PHY 201, and PHY 303  Fall  This course covers Thomson’s electron diffraction experiment; postulates of quantum mechanics; operator concept; expectation values; particle in a box; uncertainty principle; Schrodinger equation and Eigen value problems: harmonic oscillator; square well potential; and elements of matrix mechanics. 
431  Statistical Physics  3  PHY 106, and 341  A fundamental course to describe macroscopic systems from microscopic point of view. Topics to be covered include characteristic features of macroscopic systems, concepts of probability, postulates of the statistical theory, fundamental concepts of entropy, of absolute temperature, and of the canonical distribution; relations between microscopic theory and macroscopic measurements; applications of statistical physics: equipartition theorem of solids, Gibbs free energy, phase equilibrium, and kinetic theory of transport process. applications to diatomic molecules, magnetization. FermiDirac and BoseEinstein statistics.  
440  Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program (UROP)  4  PHY 106  Opportunity for undergraduates to participate with AAMU Physics faculty and staff members in a wide variety of research activities and many interdisciplinary laboratories and research centers. UROP will cultivate and support research partnerships between undergraduates and AAMU faculty members. A written report and a presentation of research activities is required.  
441  Introduction to the Lower Atmosphere  3  PHY 105  The neutral atmosphere and its layers. Atmospheric composition. Altitudinal variation of density. The hydrostatic equation and the perfect gas law. The scale height and geopotential height. Kinetic theory and velocity distribution. Atmospheric water. Atmospheric electricity and lightning discharge. Rotation of the Earth and Coriolis force. Atmospheric motion and general circulation of the atmosphere. Weather and climate. Solar radiation and the effects of the solar cycle on atmospheric parameters. Atmospheric trace gases and anthropogenic effects. Atmospheric models.  
442  Introduction to Aeronomy  3  PHY 105  The neutral atmosphere and its layers. The hydrostatic equation and the perfect gas law. Diffusive separation. Thermosphere and exosphere. Atmospheric drag and orbital decay of satellites. Atmospheric models. Formation of the ionosphere by solar extreme ultraviolet radiation. The Chapman layer. Morphology of the ionosphere. Ionospheric measurements. Ground based measurements and measurements using rockets and satellites. Far ultraviolet remote sensing techniques. Transport processes in the ionosphere. Geomagnetic control of the ionosphere. The "fountain effect" and equatorial anomaly. Solar flare effects on the ionosphere.  
443  Introduction to the Solar System  4  PHY 105  Historical perspective. Bode's law. General description of the members of the solar system: The sun, the planets, satellites, asteroids and comets. Detailed description of the physical properties of the planets and planetary orbits. Terrestrial and Jovian planets. Planetary satellites. Origin of the moon. Asteroids and comets. The sun and its stellar classification. Features of the Sun's surface. The sunspot cycle. The solar wind. Filament eruptions and coronal mass ejections.  
444  Introduction to Orbital Mechanics  3  PHY 321 or PHY 105  Historical perspective. Kepler's laws of planetary motion. Minimum launch velocity to orbit, escape velocity and time to reach the moon. Low Earth orbit; Geosynchronous orbit; Geostationary orbit; and Sunsynchronous orbit. The central force problem. The twobody problem and reduced mass. Orbital maneuvers: Inplane and outofplane orbital changes. Perturbations of orbits. The orbital elements. Orbit determination. The threebody problem and Lagrange libration points. Orbital decay due to atmospheric drag.  
445  Elements of Magnetospheric Physics  3  PHY 331, and PHY 332  Formation of the magnetosphere by the interaction of solar wind plasma with the Earth’s magnetic field. The structure of the magnetosphere: the inner and outer magnetospheres and the magnetotail. Magnetosphere ionosphere coupling and the generation of electric currents between the magnetosphere and the ionosphere. Waves in the magnetospheric plasma and geomagnetic pulsations. Geomagnetic disturbances, auroras and geomagnetic storms. Particle acceleration in the magnetosphere and radiation belt formation. The effects of geomagnetic activity and radiation belts on humans, groundbased facilities and satellites. Diurnal, seasonal and solar cycle variations of geomagnetic activity. Space weather and forecast of geomagnetic activity. The magnetospheres and geomagnetic disturbances on other planes of the solar system.  
451  Introduction to Solid State Physics  3  PHY 421  This course includes crystal structure; lattice dynamics; electron states in periodic potential; semiconductor; magnetism; magnetic resonance; superconductivity; and point defects in solids.  
453  Introduction to Nuclear Physics  3  PHY 201 and PHY 421  This course includes radioactivity; half life, passage of radiation through matter; isotopes; chart of nuclides; nucleus; mass charge; radii; alpha emission; beta decay theory; Fermi's theory; internal conversion; Electron capture; Deuteron problem; neutron; slowing down; chain reacting pile; and elementary particles.  
455  Fundamentals of NanoTechnology  3  This is an interdisciplinary course dealing with applications of nanotechnology to sciences and engineering. Topics include instrumentation in Nanotechnology like electron microscopes, atomic force microscopes and molecular beam epitaxy; fabrication of nanopowders, carbon nanotubes, nanomaterials and their applications to insulation materials, machine tools, batteries and medical implants; electrical and mechanical properties of carbon nanotubes, nanobiosensors, photonic applications of nanotechnology including nanolithography; nanoelectronics with nanofabrication using E beam and UV lithography, single electron transistors, new effects of nanoparticle coatings including application to solar cells; future applications including quantum computing, nanorobots and nanomedicine.  
460  Selected Topics in Physics  3  PHY 106 and PHY 201  This course is designed to provide students an opportunity to study applied courses that are not offered in other existing physics courses. When it is offered, the particular topic to be studied will be reflected in the course title.  
490  The Physics of Sport  3  PHY 321; or PHY 105 and ME 206  Including Track and Field events and popular American ball games. Special topics: Kinematics of sports projectiles; Kinematics of the 100 m and 200 m dash; Physics of the long jump; high jump; pole vault; triple jump; shot put; discuss and javelin. Physics of Basketball shooting, dribbling, passing and rebounding. Baseball pitching and hitting; the fly ball trajectory. Throwing the football. Athletic performance trends in the Olympics. Probability and statistics in sports. Other topics may be covered depending on demand 
Graduate
Number (PHY)  Title  Hours  Prerequisites or Equivalent  Description 

500  Analytical Mechanics  3  PHY 321  Generalized coordinates, ignorable coordinates, conservative fields, velocity dependent potentials, canonical transformations, Hamiltonian mechanics. Hamilton's equations of motion and application to simple dynamical systems. HamiltonJacobi theory, small oscillations, Larmor precession, asymmetrical top. 
501  Concepts of Modern Physics  3  Basic concepts; special theory of relativity, waveparticle duality. The Atom: atom structure, introduction of quantum mechanics; properties of matter; the physics of molecules, the solid state; the nucleus, the atomic nucleus, nuclear transformation, elementary particles.  
502  Bio Physics  3  Some physical forces exemplified in man, matter waves, sound and ultrasound, electromagnetic radiation and matter, radioactivity; biological tracers, big molecules„structure of macromolecules and living membranes, speeds of some processes in biological studies on nerve and muscle, the language and concepts of control.  
503  Methods of Mathematical Physics  3  PHY 303  Vector analysis, matrix analysis, functions of a complex variable, calculus of residues, differential equations, special functions of mathematical physics, Fourier series, Fourier transforms, tensor analysis. 
504  Physics in Modern Technology  1 to 3  PHY 201  Physical basis of computers, communication systems, propulsion and power generation; energy and environment, properties of special materials, infrared detecting devices, satellites and long range weather predictions, transistors, chips and printed circuits. This course will be taught through seminars by invited specialists in each of the areas. However, there will be a faculty member coordinating the course who will design techniques for student participation and methods for evaluation of student performance. 
505  Electromagnetic Theory I  3  PHY 331  Maxwell's equations, electrostatics, magnetostatics, wave propagation, radiation, waves in transparent and conducting media, resonant cavities, electrodynamic potentials, multipole expansions, covariant formulation of electrodynamics. 
506  Electromagnetic Theory II  3  PHY 505  Radiation from a moving charge, scattering, radiation damping and electrodynamics in material media, special theory of relativity, motion of charged particle in electric and magnetic fields. Cerenkov radiation. Bremsstrahlung, classical theory of dispersion and dispersion relations, electrodynamics of moving media. Magnetohydrodynamics and plasma physics. 
518  Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics  3  PHY 341  A survey of thermodynamics from classical and statistical mechanics point of view. 
519  Advanced Statistical Mechanics  3  PHY 518  Foundations of classical and quantum statistical mechanics, kinetic theory of gases, Liouville and Boltzman H theorems, ensembles, quantum statistical mechanics, statistics of independent particles, applications to magnetic phenomena and cooperative interactions, nonequilibrium statistical mechanics. 
521  Quantum Mechanics I  3  PHY 421  Postulates of quantum mechanics. Schroedinger equation. Simple systems, elementary scattering theory, potential wells and tunneling, bound states, Hillbert's Space, matrix mechanics. 
522  Quantum Mechanics II  3  PHY 521  Angular momentum, coupling, WignerEckart theorem, application to atomic spectra, elementary quantum theory of electromagnetic fields; elementary perturbation theory. 
525  Solid State Physics I  3  PHY 451  Classification of solids by forces, properties and symmetries, lattice vibration and its quantization in terms of phonons, interaction of phonons with electromagnetic fields. Bloch theorem, band structure, optical, dielectric and magnetic phenomena. 
531  Mathematical Methods in Applied Physics I  3  PHY 503  Review of analysis in the complex plane, evaluation of definite integrals, contour integration, differential equations and special functions. Green's function, Fourier integrals. Linear vector spaces. 
532  Mathematical Methods in Applied Physics II  3  PHY 531  Review of analysis in the complex plane, evaluation of definite integrals, contour integration, differential equations and special functions. Green's function, Fourier integrals. Linear vector spaces. 
537  Advanced Laboratory  3  Selected experiments in optics, atomic and nuclear and solid state physics, high vacuum and machine shop experience.  
600  Solid State Physics II  3  PHY 525  Classification of solids by forces, properties and symmetries, lattice vibration and its quantization in terms of phonons, interaction of phonons with electromagnetic fields. Bloch theorem, band structure, optical, dielectric and magnetic phenomena. 
610  Introduction to SolarTerrestrial Physics  3  Effects of solar disturbances on the Earth’s environment. Distinct modes of energy and momentum transfer from the Sun’s surface to the Earth. Formation of solar wind. Interplanetary magnetic field and magnetic sectors. Formation of the magnetosphere. Effects of quiet and disturbed solar wind on the magnetosphere, ionosphere and thermosphere. Solar flares and coronal mass ejections. Effects on manmade facilities. Space weather forecast and prediction.  
612  Physics of the Sun and the Solar Wind  3  The structure of the Sun. Heat transport and convection inside the Sun. The solar atmosphere and its structure: the photosphere, chromosphere and corona. Solar spectrum and chemical composition. The Sun’s magnetic fields. Quiet and active Sun. Sunspots and solar cycle. Solar flares and particle acceleration. Coronal mass ejections. The solar wind, its dependence on solar cycle and heliographic latitude. The interplanetary magnetic field and its transport to the Earth. Solar events and space weather.  
614  Physics of the Magnetosphere  3  Formation and structure of the magnetosphere. Cold and hot plasma in the magnetosphere. Electric and magnetic fields and motion of charged particles in the magnetosphere. Transverse and fieldaligned currents in the magnetosphere. Magnetospheric convection. Geomagnetic disturbances and storms. Waves and resonant oscillations in the magnetosphere. Geomagnetic pulsations. Particle acceleration and particle precipitation into the ionosphere. Types of auroras and global distribution of auroral activity. Acceleration of particles to high energies and generation of the radiation belts. Indices for geomagnetic activity, their meaning and importance for space weather prediction.  
617  Physics of the Ionosphere and Thermosphere  3  Survey of the upper atmosphere and ionosphere. Stratifications based on composition, temperature and ionization. Morphologies. Diurnal, seasonal, annual and solar cycle variations. Solar and geomagnetic control of the ionosphere and atmosphere. Effects of solar electromagnetic and corpuscular radiation and cosmic rays. Neutral atmospheric and ionospheric modeling. Active and passive remote sensing of the atmosphere and ionosphere.  
620  Radio Wave Propagation in the Ionosphere  3  Historical perspective. Characteristics of electromagnetic waves and plasmas. Propagation electromagnetic of waves through homogeneous and inhomogeneous media, isotropic and anisotropic media, and dispersive media. Plasma properties. Motion of charged particles in electric and magnetic fields. Magnetoionic theory and Appleton’s formula. Radio sounding of the ionosphere: ionosonde and incoherent scatter sounders. Topside sounding from satellites.  
625  Planetary Atmospheres and Ionospheres  3  Atmospheres of inner planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars) and outer planets (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune): Composition, pressure and temperature structures. Circulation and convection. Similarities and differences. Photochemistry in Jovian atmospheres. History and evolution. Atmospheric escape. Atmospheric clouds. Ionospheres and magnetospheres of inner and outer planets. Similarities and differences. Planetary spacecraft missions. Atmospheres of Pluto, Titan and Triton.  
632  Elements of Material Science  3  PHY 451  Engineering requirements on materials, arrangement of atoms in materials, metallic phases and their properties, ceramic phases and their propertis, multiphase materials, The effect or macrostructure upon properties of materials, corrosion and thermal behavior of materials in service. 
633  Physical Metallurgical Principles  3  PHY 632  Principles underlying the structure and behavior of metals, equilibrium and nonequilibrium phase relations in metal and alloys, kinematics of diffusion and nucleation. Phase transformations, heat treatment and hardenability. 
634  Crystal Physics and Crystal Growth  3  PHY 632  Description and determination of atomic arrangement in perfect and imperfect crystals, binding forces elastic waves in solids, photons and lattice vibration, Brillouin zones, thermal properties of solids, Xray diffraction, Fourier analysis in diffraction Basic principles and phenomena involved in the growth and perfection of crystalline solids from melt, solution, vapor, electrodeposition, etc. Discussion of the merits of various preparation methods. 
635  Magnetic and Optical Properties of Materials  3  PHY 632  Dia, para and ferromagnetism, magnetic relaxation, and resonance phenomena. Electronic and thermal conductivity of metals, superconductivity. Relationship between electronic structure and optical properties of solids, magnetooptics infrared, photoconductivity, excitations, infrared and Raman spectra due to lattice vibrations, imputieyinduced lattice absorption, spectra of ions in crystals. 
636  Semiconductor Physics  3  PHY 632  Semiconductor principles, electron band theory of solids. Electronic properties of insulators and semiconductors Hall effect. Defect states and interaction in semiconductors, elemental and compound semiconductors. Recombination and trapping, organic semiconductors. 
637  Special Topics in Materials Science  3  Consent of Instructor  Topics will be selected in accordance with the special interest of students. 
638  Imperfection in Solids  3  PHY 632  General theory of imperfections, relation of lattice defects to the physical properties of crystals, point defects and their relation to transport properties in metallic, covalent and ionic crystals, geometric and energetic aspects of dislocation theory, relation between dislocation mechanics and mechanical properties of crystals, structure and properties of interfaces. 
639  Electron Spectroscopy and Electron Diffraction  3  PHY 632  Principles and techniques of electron microscopy. Use and maintenance of electron microscopes, preparation of specimens for electron microscopy by replication transmission, study of fine structures in hardened alloys, demonstration of dislocation movements, distribution and identification as to type Burgers vector. 
640  Mechanical Behavior of Solids  3  PHY 632  Behavior of materials under stress, elasticplastic deformation in single crystals, critical resolved shear stress, microscopic yield ductility, mechanical twinning effect of temperature and rate of deformation, mechanical properties in tension, true stressstrain work hardening compression, creep, fracture mechanics. 
642  Materials for Energy Production Devices  3  PHY 632  Material limitations for the operation of fossil fuel nuclear power type generation systems, microstructure properties of materials in terms of current and future demands on temperatures, stresses and chemical and radiation attacks, possible future materials. Solar cells and selective solar radiation filters. 
644  Modern Composite Materials  3  PHY 632  Fundamental aspects of modern composite materials, particulate fibrous reinforcement, micromechanics, failure modes, reinforced plastics and metals, inorganic particulate composites and dispersion strengthened metals, testing and analysis concepts, Ceramic materials and modern ceramic applications. 
648  Advanced Laboratory in Material Science  3  Experiments will be conducted out of the following: diffraction, Hall effect and transport properties, dielectric constant measurement as a function of frequency. Study dislocations using microscope, specific heat measurements with DSC4.  
649  Geometrical Optics  3  PHY 401  Review of image formation, ray tracing, optical invariants, monochromatic and chromatic aberrations, geometrical image evaluation. 
650  Instrumental Optics  3  PHY 401  Optical systems design, testing optical components, fabrication, coating, mirrors and prisms, introduction of Fourier Optics. 
651  Spectroscopy  4  PHY 401  Spectra of atomic and molecular systems, energy levels, vibrational and rotation levels, lifetimes, Raman spectra, molecular and atomic lasers. 
655  Optics Laboratory  4  Selected experiments in interference, diffraction, optical imaging systems, holography, lasers, detectors, UV, visible and IR spectroscopy.  
657  Physical Optics and Interferometry  4  PHY 649  Propagation and vector nature of light, dipole radiation, Lorentz atom, Rayleigh scattering, dispersion, coherence and interference, design and use of conventional twobeam and multibeam interferometers, evaluation of interferograms. 
660  Quantum Optics  3  PHY 521  Planck's radiation law and Einstein coefficients, quantization of radiation field, photon concept, photon statistics, interaction of radiation with matter, spontaneous emission, Dicke superradiance. 
663  ElectroOptical Systems  4  PHY 657  Theory, design and use of electrooptical devices and system optical properties, performance criteria, applications of electrooptics, magnetooptic and acoustooptic devices, behavior of electrooptic devices as circuit elements, modulators rotators, and isolators. 
665  Lens Design  4  PHY 649  Paraxial Optics, aberration theory, image assessment, Fourier optics, merit function, mathematical methods, least squares, damped lest squares, decent methods, metric. 
670  NonLinear Optics  3  PHY 657  Photon echo, selfinduced transparency, self focusing, scattering of light, parametric amplification, harmonic generation, damage effects. 
671  Laser Physics I  4  PHY 657  Density matrixformulation of interaction of radiation with matter, laser threshold condition, optical resonators, pressure effects, survey of laser types and mechanisms. 
672  Laser Physics II  4  PHY 671  Density matrixformulation of interaction of radiation with matter, laser threshold condition, optical resonators, pressure effects, survey of laser types and mechanisms. 
675  Thin Films and Integrated Optics  4  PHY 671  Semiconductor and metallic films, design methods of multilayer interference filter coating, guided waves in dielectric films and fibers, beamtoguide couplers, survey of devices for integrated optics. 
680  Holography  3  PHY 657  The Gabor hologram, hologram as a zone plate, fresnel image, Fouriertransform and reflection holograms, applications to interferometry, information storage, and optical processing. 
690  Introduction to Biophotonics  4  This is an interdisciplinary course dealing with applications of laser techniques to biology and medicine. Topics include fundamentals of light matter interaction, principles of lasers and laser technology, interaction of light with cells and tissues, bioimaging applications, optical biosensors including fluorescence sensing and fiberoptic biosensors, light activated therapy, tissue engineering with light, microarray technology for genomics and proteomics, principle of laser tweezer action and manipulation of single DNA molecules, Bionanophotonics and Biomaterials for photonics.  
692  Nanophotonics  3  This will be an interdisciplinary course dealing with applications related to fusion of nanotechnology with photonics. Topics include nanoscale optical and electronic interactions, near field optical interactions, quantum dots, quantum wells, quantum wires, metallic nanoparticles and metallic nanostructures, rareearth doped nanostructures, epitaxial growth and nanochemistry, nanostructured polymeric media, photonic crystal sensors, nearfield nanolithography, and bioderived materials.  
699  Thesis  1 to 3  Research work towards completing the thesis requirement.  
701  Applied Solid State Electronics I  3  PHY 451  Semiconductor devices, rectifier and amplifier circuits, logic control, analog and digital transducers, optoelectronics, VLSI circuit fabrication memory devices, computer aided engineering of VLSI systems, VLSI microprocessor system design. 
703  Laser Systems  4  PHY 451  This course provides a survey of a variety of laser systems, and prepares the student to contribute to the design of new laser systems. The course starts with a general description of lasers and optical amplifiers in terms of relatively simple rate equations. Various classes of lasers (e.g., opticallypumped solid lasers, gas lasers, organic dye lasers, etc.). Designs of specific laser systems from each class will be described in detail (e.g., a CW Nd: YAG laser, argon ion laser, rhodamine 6G dye laser, etc.). Other topics which will be covered include: optical resonator mode theory, techniques for controlling and modifying laser outputs, and techniques for measuring the spectral and temporal properties of laser beams. 
705  Solid State Diffusion  3  PHY 518  Fundamentals of diffusion in the solid state. Special emphasis to diffusion kinetics for atoms and crystals. 
710  Thermodynamics of Materials  3  PHY 634  Advanced treatment of thermodynamic properties of inorganic materials. Introductory thermodynamics. Application of laws thermodynamics to chemical behavior of elements, compounds and solutions. Discussion of heterogeneous equilibrium, chemical reactions and thermodynamics of structural defects and interfaces. 
712  Optical Phase Conjugation I  3  PHY 670  Conjugation by parametric mixing in transparent media, transient response of Kerrlike phase conjugation, degenerate fourwave mixing, optical phase conjugation in photo refractive crystals stimulated Raman scattering and Brilliouin scattering, wavefront reversal, and phase conjugation under stimulated scattering. 
714  Optical Phase Conjugation II  3  PHY 712  Phase conjugation and high resolution spectroscopy by resonant degenerate four wave mixing in semiconductors, wavefront reversal by a reflecting surface optical resonator using phase conjugate mirrors, applications of optical conjugation. 
715  Fiber Optics  3  PHY 657  Basic principles of optical fiber communication and applications, materials and fiber preparation, propagation in optical fibers, waveguides and their fabrication, fiber optic cables and cable connectors, detectors and measurement techniques, semiconductor light sources for optical fiber communications, system design. 
720  Radiation Effects in Crystalline Solids  3  PHY 632  A unified treatment based on governing principles in defect structure thermodynamics and kinetics of equilibrium and nonequilibrium systems. Discussion of radiation effects in metals and semiconductors. 
725  Optical Fiber Communications  3  PHY 657  Basic principles of optical fiber communication and applications, materials and fiber preparationn in optical fibers, wave guides, and their fabrication, fiber optic cables and cable connectors, detectors and measurement techniques, semiconductor light sources for optical fiber communications, system design. 
730  Solidification Process  3  PHY 634  Principles of control of structure, properties and shape in processes involving liquidsolid and vaporsolid transformations. Heat flow, solute redistribution, nucleation, growth kinetics. Resultant structures and properties. 
735  Materials for Radiation Detectors  3  PHY 632  This course will be more extensive rather than intensive. Discussion of materials problem for devices using ceramics, semiconductors and pyroelectric materials. Materials for detectors for ranges in xrays and gammarays, for ultraviolet, visible and near infrared and far infrared. 
750  Laser Spectroscopy  3  PHY 657  Tunable coherent light sources, Doppler limited absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy with lasers, Laser Raman as Brillouin Spectroscopy, High resolution sub Doppler spectroscopy, trim resolved laser spectroscopy, optical Ramsay fringes, ultra high resolution. 
755  Optics Laboratory II  3  Sample List:
 
771  Signal Processing  3  PHY 505  Fourier analysis and two dimensional line, a systemsscaler diffraction theory, Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction frequency analysis of optical imaging systems, optical filters, coherent optical processing, incoherent optical processing, hybrid processors, and linear and nonlinear optical data processing. 
775  Integrated Optics  3  PHY 675  Optical waveguide modes, waveguide fabrication techniques: deposited thin films, molecular beam epitaxial crystal growth, substantial dopant atoms, waveguide losses, input and output couplers, electrooptic modulators, acousto optic modulators, semiconductor laser and modulation, hetro structure lasers, and integrated optical detectors. 
791  Applied Solid State Electronics II  3  PHY 701  Semiconductor devices, rectifier and amplifier circuits, logic control, analog and digital transducers, optoelectronics, VLSI circuit fabrication memory devices, computer aided engineering of VLSI systems, VLSI microprocessor system design. 
796  Advanced Selected Toptics in Material Science  1 to 4  Consent of Instructor  Topics will be selected in accordance with the special interest of students. 
797  Advanced Selected Toptics in Material Science  1 to 4  Consent of Instructor  Topics will be selected in accordance with the special interest of students. 
799  Dissertation  1 to 6  Individual research towards completing dissertation requirements. 